Water and the Future of Water
Water is much more than we think. Some water is used in the construction of everything that we see when we take a look around us. We call this “virtual water”, that is, water that we do not touch or see, but which we are instrumental in somehow spending. We can find some surprising but real examples for this. For example; 140 litres of water while making a cup of coffee, 150 tons of water when producing a car, 2700 litres of water when producing a cotton t-shirt and 3668 litres of water are spent for meatballs produced with 225 grams of animal content. Other than the ones that are listed, there is also the side of the water that we all know. The water that we use in house cleaning, body cleaning and cooking; the water that we spend at home or outside by touching, seeing and knowing. It is predicted that water, which plays the leading role in so many events, will surely end one day.
If we examine water consumption in the world, we will see another side of social injustice. Approximately 1.2 billion people in the world are currently suffering from a shortage of clean water, and it is estimated that almost all of these people live in poor and undeveloped areas. This means that while richer countries get more water than they need, poorer countries have to fight thirst. It is predicted that by 2050, this situation will increase even more and approximately 40% of the world population will live in water-stressed basins because while the world population is increasing, the demand for water resources is increasing at a greater rate.
Is the Future of Water in Turkey Positive?
Although Turkey is a country surrounded by water on three sides and rich in lakes and rivers, it is one of the countries that are on its way to becoming water-poor. If it goes on like this, it is planned that by the years 2025-2030, the amount of water per capita will fall below the critical level.
The best solution we have to push these dates forward is to use the water we currently can use as economically as possible, leaving it to the future; since the recycling of wastewater is very costly to nature and the economy, and creates a large carbon footprint. Therefore, it is not preferred.
How to save more water?
- Not washing our dishes and laundry with our hands and running the machines when they are full.
- Treating the wastes created by various industries appropriately and releasing them to the environment in that way.
- Repairing broken and dripping taps; spending as little time as possible in the shower.
- Not purchasing any clothes or goods that we do not need.
- Watering the plants and flowers in our house with the water that we use to wash our vegetables and fruits.
- Preferring drip irrigation instead of flood irrigation, which is called wild irrigation in our country.
Even though actions like these may seem small, they are effective cautions for the future of humanity and the world. Let’s not forget that our current decisions form our future. This could be a future without water, full of disease and war; or a future where we can have a healthy picnic by a lake.